Updated on May 18th, 2023 by Bob Ciura
AGNC Investment Corp (AGNC) has an extremely high dividend yield of 15.6%. In terms of current dividend yield, AGNC is near the very top of our list of high-yield dividend stocks.
In addition, AGNC pays its dividend each month, rather than on a quarterly or semi-annual basis. Monthly dividends give investors the ability to compound dividends even faster.
There are 84 monthly dividend stocks in our database. You can download our full Excel spreadsheet of all monthly dividend stocks (along with metrics that matter like dividend yields and payout ratios) by clicking on the link below:
That said, it is also important for investors to assess the sustainability of such a high dividend yield, as yields in excess of 10% are often a sign of fundamental challenges facing the business. Double-digit dividend yields often signal that investors do not believe the dividend is sustainable, and are pricing the stock in anticipation of a cut to the dividend.
This article will discuss AGNC’s business model, and whether the stock is appealing to income investors.
AGNC was founded in 2008 and is an internally-managed REIT. Whereas most REITs own physical properties that are leased to tenants, AGNC has a different business model. It operates in a niche of the REIT market: mortgage securities.
AGNC invests in agency mortgage-backed securities. It generates income by collecting interest on its invested assets, minus borrowing costs. It also records gains or losses from its investments and hedging practices. Agency securities are those that have principal and interest payments guaranteed by either a government-sponsored entity, or the government itself. They theoretically carry less risk than private mortgages.
The trust employs significant amounts of leverage to invest in these securities in order to boost its ability to generate interest income. AGNC borrows primarily on a collateralized basis through securities structured as repurchase agreements.
The trust’s stated goal is to build value via a combination of monthly dividends and net asset value accretion. AGNC has done well with its dividends over time, but net asset value creation has sometimes proven elusive.
Indeed, the trust has paid roughly $45 of total dividends per share since its IPO; the share price today is just over $9. That sort of track record is extraordinary and is why some investors are drawn to the stock. In other words, the trust has distributed cash per-share to shareholders of about four times the current value of the stock.
AGNC reported its Q1 2023 results on April 24th, 2023.
Source: Investor Presentation
AGNC reported reporting a comprehensive loss of $(0.07) per common share, including a net loss of $(0.31) per common share and $0.70 net spread and dollar roll income per common share. The company also declared $0.36 dividends per common share for the quarter.
The investment portfolio as of March 31, 2023, was $56.8 billion, and the tangible net book value per common share was $9.41. AGNC issued 17.1 million common shares through At-the-Market offerings, raising $171 million.
The major drawback to mortgage REITs is that the business model is negatively impacted by rising interest rates. AGNC makes money by borrowing at short-term rates, lending at long-term rates, and pocketing the difference. To amplify returns, mortgage REITs are also highly leveraged. It is common for mortgage REITs to have leverage rates of 5X or more because spreads on these securities tend to be quite tight.
In a rising interest-rate environment, mortgage REITs typically see the value of their investments reduced. And, higher rates usually cause their interest margins to contract as the payment received is fixed in most cases, but borrowing costs are variable. This double-impact is what investors experienced most recently in 2018 when spreads contracted and book value fell.
However, as interest rates once again fell starting in 2019, AGNC saw the benefit as its spreads stabilized as well, allowing it to produce economic earnings.
Interest rates are once again back on the rise, as central banks around the world have aggressively hiked rates in an attempt to reduce inflation. The trust’s book value contracted in recent quarters as a result of these moves in interest rates.
Overall, the high payout ratio and the volatile nature of the business model will harm earnings-per-share growth. We also believe that dividend growth will be anemic for the foreseeable future.
AGNC has declared monthly dividends of $0.12 per share since April 2020. This means AGNC has an annualized payout of $1.44 per share, which equals an extremely high current yield of 16.6% based on the current share price.
Source: Investor Presentation
High yields can be a sign of elevated risk. And, AGNC’s dividend does carry significant risk. AGNC has reduced its dividend several times over the past decade, including dividend cuts in 2020 and in 2021.
We do not see a dividend cut as an imminent risk at this point given that the payout was fairly recently cut to account for unfavorable interest rate movements and that AGNC’s net asset value appears to have stabilized. Management has taken the necessary steps to protect its interest income, so we don’t see another dividend cut in the near term.
In fact, we see the payout ratio remaining below 75% of earnings for the foreseeable future. If that’s the case, there would be no reason to cut the payout.
However, with any mortgage REIT, there is always a significant risk to the payout, and that is something investors should keep in mind, particularly given the volatile behavior of interest rates in recent years.
High-yield monthly dividend paying stocks are extremely attractive for income investors, at least on the surface. This is particularly true in an environment of low interest rates, as alternative sources of income generally have much lower yields. AGNC pays a hefty yield of 15.6% right now, which is very high by any standard.
We believe the REIT’s high yield to be safe for the near future, but this is hardly a low-risk situation given the company’s business model and interest-rate sensitivity. While AGNC should continue to pay a dividend yield many times higher than the S&P 500 Index average, it is not an attractive option for risk-averse income investors.
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